详解Flutter给新页面传值

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2019-02-22 13:25:43
详解Flutter给新页面传值,包括完整的代码

直接上代码,一个完整的demo

import 'package:flutter/foundation.dart';
import 'package:flutter/material.dart';

class Todo {
  final String title;
  final String description;

  Todo(this.title, this.description);
}

void main() {
  runApp(new MaterialApp(
    title: 'Passing Data',
    home: new TodosScreen(
      todos: new List.generate(
        20,
        (i) => new Todo(
              'Todo $i',
              'A description of what needs to be done for Todo $i',
            ),
      ),
    ),
  ));
}

class TodosScreen extends StatelessWidget {
  final List<Todo> todos;

  TodosScreen({Key key, @required this.todos}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return new Scaffold(
      appBar: new AppBar(
        title: new Text('Todos'),
      ),
      body: new ListView.builder(
        itemCount: todos.length,
        itemBuilder: (context, index) {
          return new ListTile(
            title: new Text(todos[index].title),
            // When a user taps on the ListTile, navigate to the DetailScreen.
            // Notice that we're not only creating a new DetailScreen, we're
            // also passing the current todo through to it!
            onTap: () {
              Navigator.push(
                context,
                new MaterialPageRoute(
                  builder: (context) => new DetailScreen(todo: todos[index]),
                ),
              );
            },
          );
        },
      ),
    );
  }
}

class DetailScreen extends StatelessWidget {
  // Declare a field that holds the Todo
  final Todo todo;

  // In the constructor, require a Todo
  DetailScreen({Key key, @required this.todo}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    // Use the Todo to create our UI
    return new Scaffold(
      appBar: new AppBar(
        title: new Text("${todo.title}"),
      ),
      body: new Padding(
        padding: new EdgeInsets.all(16.0),
        child: new Text('${todo.description}'),
      ),
    );
  }
}

其中

定义一个Todo 类

class Todo {
  final String title;
  final String description;

  Todo(this.title, this.description);
}

生成一个Todo列表

final todos = new List<Todo>.generate(
  20,
  (i) => new Todo(
        'Todo $i',
        'A description of what needs to be done for Todo $i',
      ),
);

把Todo List显示到ListView上

new ListView.builder(
  itemCount: todos.length,
  itemBuilder: (context, index) {
    return new ListTile(
      title: new Text(todos[index].title),
    );
  },
);

TodosScreen到DetailScreen
代码中的onTap处,注意传值

new ListView.builder(
  itemCount: todos.length,
  itemBuilder: (context, index) {
    return new ListTile(
      title: new Text(todos[index].title),
      // When a user taps on the ListTile, navigate to the DetailScreen.
      // Notice that we're not only creating a new DetailScreen, we're
      // also passing the current todo to it!
      onTap: () {
        Navigator.push(
          context,
          new MaterialPageRoute(
            builder: (context) => new DetailScreen(todo: todos[index]),
          ),
        );
      },
    );
  },
);

接收值

class DetailScreen extends StatelessWidget {
  // Declare a field that holds the Todo
  final Todo todo;

  // In the constructor, require a Todo
  DetailScreen({Key key, @required this.todo}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    // Use the Todo to create our UI
    return new Scaffold(
      appBar: new AppBar(
        title: new Text("${todo.title}"),
      ),
      body: new Padding(
        padding: new EdgeInsets.all(16.0),
        child: new Text('${todo.description}'),
      ),
    );
  }
}

中的

  final Todo todo;

  DetailScreen({Key key, @required this.todo}) : super(key: key);
注意事项
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